Solan, the gateway to Himachal, is buzzing commercial town. It has a large number of private educational institutions, industries, and flourishing agriculture and horticulture. Known as the vegetable bow and also mushroom city of India it has a salubrious climate that suits one and all Chail, west of Solan Town, is the only hill station of India developed by the native (Maharaja of Patiala) for the Natives. The District also has three cantonments by the British-Kasauli, Dagshai and Subathu.
Solan comprises the erstwhile princely states of Baghal, Kunihar, Kuthar, Mangal, Beja, Mahlog, Nalagarh and parts of Keonthal, Koti and the hilly areas of the composite Punjab, which were merged with Himachal Pradesh on the reorganization of States in 1966. Before independence these hill states were under the control of the superintendent of Shimla hill states. When Himachal Pradesh was formed on 15 April 1948, the states of Bhagat, Bhagal, Kunihar, Kuthar, Mangal, Beja, Keonthal and Koti formed part of the then Mahasu district. On the reorganization of Punjab in Nomber 1966, the areas of Nalagarh tehsil of Ambala district became part of Himachal Pradesh. Solan district was carved out from Mahasu district and the newly merged areas.
Climate is mostly subtropical in the lower altitudes and moist temperate in the upper altitudes. Seasons-winter, summer, monsoon and autumn-are will marked. Generally, the rains start in the first week of July and continue till August end. Winter rains start usually in the last week of December and continue till end of February. October-November and April-May are dry months. Solan, Chail, Kandaghat, Dagshai, Barog, Kasauli and Karol ka Tibba have snowfall in January / February. Due to altitude variation, the winter temperature exceeds forty degrees in the plains in peak summer.
Rail The nearest broad gauge railway station is at Kalka. Buses and taxis are available at Kalka. Solen is on the Kalka-Shimla narrow gauge railway ine.
Road Solan is approachable by road from Shimla and Chandigarh.
By Air Jubbarhatti in Shimla (Forty-five kilometers) is the nearest airport.
Local Transport The district is well connected by buses and taxis. Kalka-Shimla railway line also passes through Solan and one can enjoy the journey in the ‘toy train’.
PLACE TO VISIT
Parwanoo, Jabli, Dharampur, Kandaghat and Kiarighat are all small, quiet holiday retreats located on national highway 22 between Kalka and Shimla. Hotels, rest-house and dhabas are available.
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