The district in its present from comprises of the erstwhile princely state of Baghal, Baghat, Kunihar, Mangal, Beja, Hindur (Nalagarh) and parts of Keonthal and koti and hilly areas of composite Punjab state which were merged in Himachal Pradesh on 1st November, 1966 on the reorganization of the composite Punjab on the linguistic basis. Most of these princely states, as per history, were subjected to onslaught of Gurkha’s invasion from 1803 to 1815 A.D. It was in the year 1815 that the Gurkhas lost to the Britishers, these states were freed and restored to the respective rulers. Solan is a town in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh and the district headquarters of Solan district. The largest Municipal Council of Himachal Pradesh, it is located 46 kilometres south of the state capital, Shimla. At an average elevation of 1,550 metres. This district is bounded by Shimla district in the North and by Roper district of Punjab and Ambala district in the West. Mandi district touches the boundary of Solan district in the North-East. The elevation of the district ranges between 300 to 3,000 meters above mean sea level. The terrains are mostly mountainous except ‘Valley of Saproon’ in Solan tehsil, ‘Doon’ in Nalagarh tehsil and ‘Kunihar’ in Arki tehsil. Doon valley is the most fertile area of the district.
Place To Visit In Solan
District Solan has many places important from tourists and religious point view.
How to Reach Solan
Solan is located in the state of Himachal Pradesh and serves as a base to some amazing hill stations like Kasauli and Chail. It is connected to major cities by road and the Kalka-Shimla railway. The airport at Shimla too is connected to Solan by road. Here is how to reach Solan.
The nearest airport is at Shimla at a distance of 55 km. Flights from Shimla operate to Delhi and Kullu. Taxis are easily available from Shimla airport to reach Solan. Delhi is the nearest international airport at a distance of 315 km.
Solan is well connected by the UNESCO world heritage railway – the Kalka-Shimla railway. Kalka in turn is a broad gauge that connects the city to other major cities such as Chandigarh, Shimla, Barog, Delhi, Dehradun, Amritsar, etc. From the railway station tourists can hire local taxis to reach the city. Buses are also available.
Solan is approachable by road from Shimla and Chandigarh. Regular bus services connect both the cities with Solan. Chandigarh is an hour’s drive from Kasauli while Delhi can be reached in five and a half hours.
Average Weather in Solan
In Solan, the summers are short, hot, wet, and clear and the winters are short, cold, dry, and mostly clear. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 36°F to 92°F and is rarely below 31°F or above 99°F.