Shimla (or Simla), which became the summer capital of the Raj in 1864, was once a tiny village by the name of Shumlah or Shamla. Shimla district came into existence in 1972 on the reorganization of the districts of the state. The district comprises the following nineteen erstwhile Shimla Hill States which merged with Himachal Pradesh in 1948 and constituted part of the then Mahasu district: Balsan, Bhajji, Bushehr, Darkoti, Delath, Dhami Dhadi, Ghund, Jubbal, Keonthal, Koti, Kumarsain, Madhan, Rawingarh, Ratesh, Sangri, Tharoch and Theog.
Winter normally starts from mid-November and continues till mid-March. December, January and February are cold months when the winter is at its peak and snowfall is common. Spring is accompanied by light showers and lightning and continues from mid-March to mid-May. The weather heats up from mid-May to mid-July and places located at the banks of the rivers (Rampur and Sunni) are as hot as the plains. The monsoon season generally starts from end of June and lasts till middle of September.
Autumn lasts till mid-November. In the higher reaches of the district, the temperature drops below zero in winter; at lower elevations the summer temperatures soar to forty degrees Celsius.
By Train it takes nearly five and a half hours from Kalka to reach hours from Kalka to reach Shimla (96 kilometers). Shivalik Express is a luxury train on this route with less halts and a pantry facility. One can also travel by rail car (one of its kind, running on this route in India only).
By Road Shimla is connected by regular bus service to Delhi, Chandigarh and all other major towns of Haryana and Punjab. There is a direct bus from Shimla to Jaipur. Regular buses ply between Shimla and Dehradun, the capital of Uttaranchal. Both deluxe and ordinary buses are available from Chandigarh to Shimla every half hour.
Distance and Approach from Delhi 370 kilometers. Follow National Highway 1 from Delhi to Ambala via Panipat and Karnal and after Ambala take National Highway 22 to Shimla via Zirakpur (you can bypass Chandigarh). The road passes through Panchkula, Pinjore and Kalka before entering Himachal at Parwanoo. Buses to Shimla start from the Maharana Pratap Inter State Bus Stand (ISBT) Kashmiri Gate, New Delhi.
By Air Shimla Airport is at Jubbarhatti, 23 kilometers from the town. Taxis are available at Shimla and Jubbarhatti. Jagson Air flies the Delhi-Shimla-Kullu route every Monday, Wednesday and Friday.
Place to visit local Shimla
Place to visit far from Shimla
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